Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.
Descriptive research by having a qualitative approach, utilizing the social representation concept and also the notion of vulnerability with stripchat com thematic content analysis, carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of a general general public college when you look at the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplied multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted people that are young between 13 and 24 years took part in the analysis. The choice criterion ended up being guys whom identified by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals, in accordance with terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS regarding the Brazilian Ministry of wellness.
Four thematic groups were discovered: вЂњhomophobia and bullyingвЂќ, вЂњsexual, domestic, and institutional violenceвЂќ, вЂњsearch for supportвЂќ, and вЂњlove and passionвЂќ.
Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and violence that is institutional the absolute most painful and hard to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.
Illness by the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of the historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start for the epidemic as much as the present times, significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the populace impacted. Within the decade that is first with small knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and sex employees were the essential prevalent, representing significantly more than 70% regarding the notified situations. In mid 1990, the disease became frequent among heterosexual women and men with low education and income degree. Afterwards, older people additionally became target regarding the HIV because of factors that are several such as for example upsurge in durability, not enough information, and personal values distinct from safe intercourse methods. ( 1 , 2 )
Among kids, notification situations had been constantly increasing, specially related to straight transmission. But, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been discovered. The notifications revealed an increase that is significant homosexual and bisexual guys aged between 13 and 24 years. The sheer number of notifications nevertheless stays in an ever-increasing curve through to the year that is current. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered surprise and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and health care specialists, such as for example nurses whom offer care to those people that are young. ( 3 5 ) issues are specially directed towards vulnerability of the populace, who, unlike older people and kids, has knowledge and quick access to informative data on preventive measures to HIV/Aids.
Many researchers bring nuances in their studies, in the circumstances of physical physical violence within the life of young adults; but, without further deepening and making gaps on the association of physical violence aided by the vulnerability of teenage boys that have intercourse with guys. ( 3 7 ) Therefore, the question that is following: вЂњDoes physical violence, in its different types, make young homosexuals and bisexuals susceptible to HIV/Aids?вЂќ Consequently, the goal of the writers for the current research had been to understand the perceptions of young adults whom identify on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.
A descriptive study with a qualitative approach had been carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of a general public college when you look at the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplies multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids patients.
The social representation concept as well as the idea of vulnerability had been utilized as theoretical methodological framework. 1st seeks knowledge comes from everyday life to cope with a subject that is particular rendering it familiar, along with searching for proportions for the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene to them in the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )